Viesa is an English code I made. I originally created it in April 2018, and I have been slowly updating it ever since. It is written with the Cyrillic alphabet and has a few grammatical modifications, like an ending you put on verbs to mark the future tense.
Виеса ба ун Англеш кида ма мукап. Ма ипеџенули краутап на ен Упрел 2018, унд ма хува ба сливли опдута на авар сенса. На ба вретан већ ђа Сирелек улфубат унд хува у фав грумутекул мидефекушеинес, лека ун анденг ја пот ин варбес ти мурк ђа фочора танса.
This guide will present the romanized version of Viesa, as it makes learning Viesa easier. The Cyrillic version of Viesa will be presented later.
The main rule in Viesa is that the vowels are shifted one step back. This means:
The vowels are pronounced as in Spanish or the IPA. The rest is pronounced the same as in the original English word, apart from "r", which is tapped. Examples:
"ce" and "co" become "sa" and "ki" respectively, instead of "ca" and "ci". (come -> kima, not "cima")
"ay", "ey", "oy", and "uy" become "ug", "ag", "ig", and "og" respectively, instead of "uy", "ay", "iy", and "oy". (boy -> big, not "biy")
"w" becomes "v". (water -> vutar, not "wutar")
All verbs become their infinitive form without "to". (I am a boy. = Ma ba u big. (literally: I be a boy.))
"Be able to" simply becomes "can". (I am able to sleep. = Ma cun slaap.)
Continuous verbs are made by placing "ba" before the verb. (Ma ba aut. = I am eating.) Perfect verbs are made by placing "huva" before the verb. (Ma huva aut. = I have eaten.)
Yes/no questions are formed by placing "di" at the beginning of a sentence. (Di ya ba aut? = Are you eating?).
Other questions are formed as if they were "indirect questions". (Vhut ya ba aut? = What are you eating? (literally: What you are eating?))
Viesa has a few suffixes. These suffixes and their usage are listed below:
Note that tense suffixes always come before the negative suffixes. (I will not sleep = Ma slaapesheg, not "Ma slaapegesh")
Viesa has a different pronoun system. The pronouns are listed in the table below:
|First||ma (I/me)||va (we/us)|
|Second||ya (you)||ga (you all)|
|Third||na (he/him/she/her/it)||da (they/them)|
Possessive pronouns are made with the genetive suffix. Reflexive pronouns are simply made by placing "salf" after the pronoun.
Writing Viesa in Cyrillic is not manditory. However, when I write in Viesa, I typically use Cyrillic to make the text look less like English. Each Cyrillic character and their pronunciation is listed in the table below:
Double letters are not used. /ŋ/ is written <нг>, or <н> before /k/ or /g/.