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Current version: 2.6 (9/12/18)

The Vowel Shift

The main rule in Viesa is that the vowels are shifted one step back. This means:

The vowels are pronounced as in Spanish or the IPA. The rest is pronounced the same as in the original English word, apart from "r", which is tapped. Examples:

Other Rules

"ce" and "co" become "sa" and "ki" respectively, instead of "ca" and "ci". (come -> kima, not "cima")

"ay", "ey", "oy", and "uy" become "ug", "ag", "ig", and "og" respectively, instead of "uy", "ay", "iy", and "oy". (boy -> big, not "biy")

"w" becomes "v". (water -> vutar, not "wutar")


All verbs become their infinitive form without "to". (I am a boy. = ma ba u big. (literally: I be a boy.))

"Be able to" simply becomes "can". (I am able to sleep. = Ma cun slaap.)

Continuous verbs are made by placing "ba" before the verb. (ma ba aut. = I am eating.) Perfect verbs are made by placing "huva" before the verb. (ma huva aut. = I have eaten.)


Yes/no questions are formed by placing "di" at the beginning of a sentence. (di ya ba aut? = Are you eating?).

Other questions are formed as if they were "indirect questions". (vhut ya ba aut? = What are you eating? (literally: What you are eating?))

The "Weird Sounds"

Viesa has a few "weird sounds" that are written with capital letters. Note that capitalization is not used except for "weird sounds". These sounds and their usage are listed below:

Note that sounds made with the hands always come after sounds made with the mouth. (I will not sleep = ma slaapCG, not "ma slaapGC")

Alternative Version

There is an alternative version of Viesa that does not use "weird sounds". The differences are listed below:

  • "th" stays the same.
  • The past tense suffix is -p/ep, depending on whether the word ends in a vowel or a consonant.
  • The future tense suffix is -sh/esh.
  • The plural suffix is -s/es.
  • The genetive suffix is -k/ek.
  • The negative suffix is -g/eg.
  • Capitalization is allowed.
  • Pronouns

    Viesa has a different pronoun system. The pronouns are listed in the table below:

    Pronouns Singular Plural
    First ma (I/me) va (we/us)
    Second ya (you) ga (you all)
    Third na (he/him/she/her/it) da (they/them)

    Possessive pronouns are made with the genetive suffix. Reflexive pronouns are simply made by placing "salf" after the pronoun.